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Short-Term Effects of Severe Dietary Carbohydrate-Restriction Advice in Type 2 Diabetes--a Randomized Controlled Trial

The following information is available at Pub Med and was not written by Atkins professionals.

Diabetic Medication

Daly, M.E., Paisey, R., Paisey, R., Millward, B.A., Eccles, C., Williams, K., Hammersley, S., MacLeod, K.M., Gale, T.J., “Short-Term Effects of Severe Dietary Carbohydrate-Restriction Advice in Type 2 Diabetes–a Randomized Controlled Trial,” Diabetic Medication. 2006 Jan;23(1): pages 15-20..

OBJECTIVE:

This study sought to examine the effects of a 3-month programme of dietary advice to restrict carbohydrate intake compared with reduced-portion, low-fat advice in obese subjects with poorly controlled Type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

One hundred and two patients with Type 2 diabetes were recruited across three centers and randomly allocated to receive group education and individual dietary advice. Weight, glycaemic control, lipids and blood pressure were assessed at baseline and 3 months. Dietary quality was assessed at the end of study.

RESULTS:

Weight loss was greater in the low-carbohydrate (LC) group (-3.55 +/- 0.63, mean +/- sem) vs. -0.92 +/- 0.40 kg, P = 0.001) and cholesterol: high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio improved (-0.48 +/- 0.11 vs. -0.10 +/- 0.10, P = 0.01). However, relative saturated fat intake was greater (13.9 +/- 0.71 vs. 11.0 +/- 0.47% of dietary intake, P < 0.001), although absolute intakes were moderate.

CONCLUSIONS:

Carbohydrate restriction was an effective method of achieving short-term weight loss compared with standard advice, but this was at the expense of an increase in relative saturated fat intake.

PMID: 16409560 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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